Thursday, May 21, 2020

President Richard Nixon An Unethical Leader - 2085 Words

Synthesis Essay Dean Kunz SNCOA-ALE 19 May 2016 MSgt Blaine Holland Synthesis Essay on President Richard Nixon Scandal! I am not a crook, Watergate, impeachment, resignation, one final â€Å"two handed V†; which president comes to mind? President Richard M. Nixon was a visionary leader; but an unethical leader. This paper will examine two visionary leadership traits of President Nixon, two unethical leadership skills of Nixon and then look to my own career for two personal examples of visionary and two unethical leadership skills I portrayed. Nixon’s visionary leadership was on display when it came to dealing with Communist countries and recession on the home front. By using the full range leadership (FRL) process of contingent reward, Nixon focused relations with China to establish common political grounds. Using cognitive adaptability, Nixon was able to reign in the 1970’s recession. He applied FRL tactics to push his agenda towards politics and economic policy. But, Nixon’s unethical leadership trait, drive for success, led to the Watergate Scandal. Also , he failed to use the reasoning element of implication when he discharged the Special Prosecutor of the Watergate investigation. After discussing President Nixon’s visionary but unethical leadership, I’ll apply these same principles to myself by showing examples of how I used contingent reward and cognitive adaptability techniques in my Air Force career. Finally, I’ll discuss how drive for successShow MoreRelatedEssay about Past Political Controversies2078 Words   |  9 PagesLeaders are constantly making decisions that are based on their values and directly affect their constituents. Some of those decisions are insignificant, and only affect people in the short term. Some are bigger and determine the long-term fate of society; and others go even further as to determine who those leaders are as people and how they will leave society for future generations (Joseph, 2001). Socrates raised the question, â€Å"What is a virtuous man, and what is a virtuous soc iety?† In observingRead MoreThe Watergate Scandal Essay examples2129 Words   |  9 PagesThe Watergate Scandal Introduction Watergate was the name of the biggest political scandal in United States history. It included various illegal activities constructed to help President Richard Nixon win reelection in the 1972 presidential elections. Watergate included burglary, wire tapping, violations of campaign financing laws, and sabotage and attempted use of government agencies to harm political opponents. It also involved a cover-up of conduct. There were about 40 people chargedRead MorePresidential Impeachment Trials1835 Words   |  8 Pagesï » ¿ Presidential Impeachment Trials Mandy White Legal Methods and Process LS 500-01 June 5, 2012 The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the impeachment trials of President Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon, and Bill Clinton and identify any ethical dilemmas associated with each individual case and whether or not criminal chargers were appropriate or not. Before delving into the trials here is a brief description of what impeachmentRead MoreAll the Presidents Men, by Woodward and Bernstein Essay5004 Words   |  21 PagesRichard Nixons first term as president will always be connected with the Watergate scandal, the biggest political scandal in United States history. Various illegal activities were conducted including burglary, wire tapping, violations of campaign financing laws, sabotage, and attempted use of government agencies to harm political opponents to help Richard Nixon win reelection in the 1972 presidential elections. There were about 40 people charged with crimes related to the scandal. Most of them wereRead MoreEthical Dilemm Ethics And Values1339 Words   |  6 Pages to your personal morals and we end up going down a unethical path. Another thing I was at that time I was a captain and the MVP for the team and I had underclassmen who looked up to me and admired my hard work that I demonstrated on the team. If I had taken th e shortcut and gained a higher place medal. My actions would be saying that cheating is the right way and it is the best option or others may just lose trust in me.All great leaders, both historic and unknown, earned the trust of the peopleRead MoreHonesty in Politics3356 Words   |  14 Pageschopped down your cherry tree.†Ã‚   Although the fable is believed to be fiction, it accurately represented the honesty and humility of that great president.   Today, few political and public leaders value such ideals as honesty. Due to the prevalent lack of truth in our government or in politicians, few citizens are able to gain much knowledge about their leaders.  Holding an office in the United States government is a sacred honor and privilege, and only the chosen elite should be in those positions.  Read MoreEnron : Enron And The Natural Gas Market Essay1884 Words   |  8 Pagesquick rise of the companies ranking. According to Fortune 500 magazine’s list, Enron ranke d number seven in the business world. Due to the fraudulent manipulating of the accounting numbers made by the leaders of this company, several lives of Enron’s employees were affected. These so called leaders began to conspiring to cover up their company’s financial weakness from its investors. Lay bears the â€Å"ultimate responsibility† for Enron’s unorthodox accounting practices, which hid losses and inflatedRead MoreTitle Ix : The Idea Of Equity2331 Words   |  10 Pagesalthough this is largely due to the actions or in some cases lack thereof from the leaders who reside in college athletics. Title IX was passed in 1972 by then President Richard Nixon after being spearheaded by Congresswoman Patsy Mink and Congressman Birch Bayh (Trembanis). This is an action from President Nixon that while a great action is often forgotten due to some of his notable and egregious missteps as a leader later in his career. Title IX as the name suggests while it is a law is not itsRead MoreMeeting The Ethical Hallenges Of Leadership, Custom Edition By Craig E. Johnson2224 Words   |  9 PagesLeadership, Custom Edition, by CRaig E. Johnson explores a deeper understanding of leaders. Chapter one discusses the leader s light or shadow. Chapter 2 discusses stepping out of the shadows. According to Johnson, the chapter introduces the dark side of leadership as the first step in promoting good or ethical leadership. According to Johnson, leaders cast light when they master ethical challenges of leadership. Leaders cast shadows when they abuse power, hoard privileges, mismanage information, act Read MoreDiscrimination And The War At Appomattox Court House1486 Words   |  6 Pagesalthough understandable, is a devastating problem to the entire world. In my eyes, how can America be the land of the free and the home of the brave when citizens are unable to be free in their choices and are forced to be brave to act against these unethical doings? We have seen reforms take place to minimize discrimination throughout the course of our history, but it is a continuous problem where there seems to be little hope for elimination. The only possibility I can see for the removal of discrimination

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Economy Of South Africa Essay - 1942 Words

Introduction South Africa is a developing country (IMF, 2016). It is a member of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) since 2011. The UN (United Nation) recognised the BRICS countries as the main players in the structural shift in economic power, which are re-defining the world’s economic geography (Shubin, 2013). The economy of South Africa is one of the largest economies in Africa. According to World Bank’s data in 2015 the GDP of South Africa was (US$ 312.798 Billion) the second largest in Africa, the first was Nigeria (US$ 481.066 Billion) (See figure 1) (The World Bank, 2016a). South Africa is ranked as an upper middle income economy by the World Bank (The World Bank, 2016b). However, economic development and growth is a complex issue several factors can contribute to a country’s development level. Thus, understanding the meanings of economic indicators of economic development is crucial when it comes to interpreting economics statistics of South Afr ica (Akinboade Kinfack, 2015). The purpose of this paper is to investigate the importance and performance of trade in the economy of South Africa and examine the impacts of trade on employment rate, labour productivity and income inequality. South Africa s economic growth The new South Africa was born in 1994 as a democratic country. Which enabled the country to re-integrate into world market as a global economy (Masarira Msweli, 2013). Shortly after the re-integration the South Africa’s economyShow MoreRelatedSouth Africa s Economy Is Largely Based On Mineral Extraction And Processing2454 Words   |  10 PagesSouth Africa’s economy is largely based on mineral extraction and processing. This by its very nature is energy intensive. Until January 2008, when for the first time load shedding was implemented as demand outweighed supply, consumers had seen energy as finite. Historically low fuel and electricity costs had dis-incentivized the need to conserve energy (Government Gazette, 2009). South Africa’s challenges as a developing country is how to reconcile its inherent socio-economic issues with an economyRead MoreAdvantages and Disadvantages of Globalization on South Africa767 Words   |  4 PagesGlobalization is the shrinking of the world and the increased consciousness of the world as a whole. It is a term used to describe the changes in societies and the world economy that is a result of dramatically increased cross-border trade, investment, and cultural exchange. Globalization has been dominated by the nation-state, national economies, and national cultural identities. The new form of globalization is an interconnected world and global mass culture, often referred to as a global village. â€Å"(BhagwatiRead MoreWhat Is The Importance Of Brics In South Africa1171 Words   |  5 Pages SOUTH AFRICA South Africa has a urgent part to play in the BRICS development to advance our outside approach all inclusive and to accomplish our household arrangement destinations. South Africa was made member of BRICSin the last on invitation by China due to the reasons that South Africa has fast growing trading trends. Foreign trade in south Africa has increased which has led to decline in various boycotts imposed on trading in the past years. South Africa’s membership to BRICS is anchored onRead MoreStudying Existing Solar Pv Market1121 Words   |  5 PagesSOLAR PARK IN SOUTH AFRICA:- South African sun based PV business is expanding with many REIPPP tasks developed in . There are over 4 million sun based boards who have been introduced .Sun oriented influence in South Africa will help develop 25MW in the year 2012 to 1050MY by the year 2015. Recently various industries and mining organizations have found that it can spare them money and help them reduce certain costs. . http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/How-Real-Is-The-South-African-PV-MarketRead MoreThe Current State Of South Africa1175 Words   |  5 PagesBACKGROUND ON SOUTH AFRICA 1. South Africa was called the hopeless continent 16 years ago. Much of the negative world view stemmed from wounds created by government supported racial segregation which continues to affect South Africa’s economy today; however, the abundant resources and potential economic growth of this country should not be overlooked. Despite wounds from its past South Africa has a wealth of resources which make it an important country to the world and to the United States. South Africa’sRead MoreThe Future of South Africa1708 Words   |  7 PagesThe future of South Africa Predicting the future development of South Africa has become increasingly difficult due to radical changes that have occurred in the last few decades. These changes have left South Africa in a state of social and economical unrest. The largest of these changes was the abolishment of Apartheid. This allowed for black vote, and thus in 1994 a black government. This lead to black empowerment, which was subjugated for hundreds of years. This however created a new series ofRead MoreSocio-Cultural Impacts990 Words   |  4 Pages2010 launched in South Africa, the main attraction was mostly on gold and diamonds. The number of crime rate is what people knew about South Africa, and since the high crime, so there are not so many people come to South Africa for travel or investment. Therefore, most of the cultural in South Africa are not familiar by the world. 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Up until 1994, South Africa was ruled by a white minority government, which came into power in 1948 and enforced a racial segregation policy called apartheid—a policy that mandatesRead MoreEconomic Growth And Development Of South Africa1193 Words   |  5 Pages Viviers (cited by Vollgraaf 2016:p2) as a result of Brexit South Africa’s economic growth is expected to have a 0.1% cut-back due to its trading relations with the countries concerned. Bowler (2016:p1) stated that the UK’s pound depreciated after the Brexit occurrence, which could result in the UK’s imports being expensive. The country will be inclined to import less causing its trading import partners to suffer in the process. South Africa’s export demand in the UK market is going to decreaseRead MoreThe Effects of Globalization1678 Words   |  7 Pagessocieties and the economy of the world which results in a dramatic increase in investment, cross border trade s well as cultural exchange. Globalization is dominated by nation states, economies of national and the cultural identities of nations. Globalization creates an interconnected world with a global mass culture which is commonly referred to as a global village (Egnatz, 2011). South Africa is integrated highly into the world economy. South Africa is the strongest African economy and has attained

Propaganda Free Essays

Propaganda: It’s here to stay When the word ‘propaganda’ is used, negative connotations are generally brought to mind. People think of politicians using propaganda to force their agenda on others or to slander their opponent’s name as in the new election coming up between Obama and Romney. Yet is this all propaganda really is? Or is there something more that is never discussed about propaganda? This essay will be summarizing and discussing three from Orwell, Lutz , and Woolfolk about propaganda and the English language. We will write a custom essay sample on Propaganda or any similar topic only for you Order Now The reader will gain a better understanding about what propaganda really is and how it is used and how to avoid getting tricked by it. The first article by George Orwell is out of his book of 50 essays entitled â€Å" Politics and the English Language. † George Orwell is an English journalist and novelist, who wrote such famous books as 1984 and Animal Farm. His article begins by talking about four parts of writing that are misused in the English language. The first topic discussed is dying metaphors. Orwell says, â€Å"A newly-invented metaphor assists thought by evoking a visual image, while on the other hand a metaphor which is technically â€Å"dead† has in effect reverted to being an ordinary word and can generally be used without loss of vividness. † If someone does not understand a metaphor because it is one that is not used anymore, it loses its effect and should not be used in writing or in propaganda (Orwell). A perfect example is the metaphor of the Hammer and the Anvil. When this metaphor is used most people think it means that the anvil gets the worst of it, when really it is the hammer that always breaks on the anvil. It is a metaphor that has lost meaning because hardly anyone uses an anvil anymore, causing this metaphor to be technically â€Å"dead†. The next subject discussed is verbal false limbs. Orwell says verbal false limbs â€Å"save the trouble of picking out appropriate verbs and nouns, and at the same time pad each sentence with extra syllables which give it an appearance of symmetry. † A few examples Orwell gives include our phrases ‘such as’,’to make contact with’, ‘play a leading part in’, and ‘be subjected to’. The problem is using these phrases takes out simple verbs that give meaning to a sentence and add extra fluff to them in order to sound â€Å"better† (Orwell). When writing it is important to avoid these verbal false limbs so the reader can truly understand what you are trying to say. The third item discussed is pretentious diction. Words such as ‘promote’, ‘constitute’, ‘exploit’, ‘utilize’are used to dress up simple statements and make the person saying them sound dignified. It also is used to add scientific terms to a biased judgment. It is a common trick we see in propaganda all the time. You will see such things as â€Å"It is inevitable if you elect Obama, our country will fail. † The word’ inevitable’ is an example of pretentious diction (Orwell). It is taking a scientific term and adding it to a biased opinion in order to convince the voter that voting for Obama is bad. The fourth item discussed is meaningless words. These are words that are used in which the definition of is unclear. You see this in political ads words such as fascism or socialist. These words are used, but do the readers really know what the author is trying to say by using them. Another one common in political ads is the word ‘patriotic’. Do we have a real definition of what it means to be patriotic or is that a word that is just thrown around. Orwell says that words such as these need to be used carefully and taken out of writing if unneeded. As Orwell ends this article he gives six rules of writing to avoid these crucial mistakes seen in the English language today. The rules are as follows â€Å"(1) Never use a metaphor, simile or other figure of speech which you are used to seeing in print. (2) Never use a long word where a short one will do. (3) If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out. (4) Never use the passive where you can use the active. 5) Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent. (6) Break any of these rules sooner than say anything barbarous. † These rules may seem easy enough but if you grew up writing today it will be harder than you think to change habits and stick to these rules. If you can stick to these rules you will become a better overall writer (Orwell). The second article we will discuss is Doublespeak by William Lutz. William Lutz is an American linguist who specializes in the use of plain words and avoiding doublespeak or deceptive language. Lutz begins talking about how language is a human tool and may be the most important of all the human tools. Yet like any tool, it can be used to build society but can also be used to destroy it (Lutz 25). One quote that Lutz says describes this perfectly, â€Å" Language can easily distort perception and influence behavior and thus be a tool, or weapon, for achieving the greatest good or the greatest evil. † Lutz goes on to talk about how language is power and whoever controls language controls society (Lutz 26). There are four kinds of doublespeak that Lutz talks about the first being euphemism, which is designed to avoid reality. When different words are used to make a situation sound better, this is euphemism. Lutz brings up the subject in 1984 where reports on human rights would remove the word ‘killing’ and replace it with ‘deprivation of life’. This helped the government avoid the subject of government sanctioned killings that happened in other countries that the United States had supported. This is a prime example of doublespeak, using different words to mislead the reader as to what has really happened. The second type of doublespeak discussed is jargon. Jargon is used all the time by doctors and lawyers; it is speech used that only those in a specialized group can understand. When used in these groups it is not considered jargon because all members understand what is being said. Yet when jargon is used with members outside the group it is then considered doublespeak as all members do not fully understand what is being said (Lutz 27). When companies use lawyer terms to describe something that has happened in their company to the public it is considered doublespeak; they know most people do not understand what they are saying and could use it to cover up what is really happening. The third type of doublespeak that is mentioned is gobbledygook. This is the practice of piling on words, the bigger the better to purposely overwhelm the audience as to what is actually being said. This is common when something bad happens in our economy. Politicians use big words in long complicated sentences so that their readers do not really know what is going on. The fourth type of doublespeak discussed is inflated language. This is the process of making ordinary words seem fancy and better than what they are. This is often used in advertising to make a product sound better than it is in order to make the audience want to buy it. For example, a used car may be described as experienced (Lutz 27). This is one of the most common ways you see Doublespeak in America today, whether it be in advertising for a product or for a politician. Lutz then discusses how doublespeak is used in politics. â€Å"Political language is the language of public policy and power. Our direction as a nation is defined for us by our elected leaders through language,† says Lutz. Therefore if our leaders are not always honest and pright, we the people do not have the proper knowledge and understanding to make the decisions we need to make. This language has been distorted in the past such as in Vietnam instead of calling them bombings they called them â€Å"protective reaction strikes. † Orwell said, â€Å"This language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appeara nce of solidity to pure wind. † This is why you have a negative reaction when you hear the word propaganda. It’s always easier to remember the bad things that have happened and forget the good things (Lutz 29). Not all propaganda is used to mislead or hurt people. It can be used to get people to vote for something that is good and truthful or convince people to recycle. Yet the things that have happened in the past will always give propaganda a bad reputation. The third article is â€Å"Propaganda: How not to be bamboozled† by Donna Woolfork Cross. Donna is an American writer known for such novels as Pope Joan. Woolfork says that propaganda gets a bad reputation because people simply don’t understand what it really is. It is a means of persuasion that can be used for good or evil. Propaganda is used to tell people what toothpaste to buy, the type of movies to see, and the one most people think of, and who you should vote for in an election (Woolfolk Cross 1). Cross says, â€Å"People are bamboozled mainly because they don’t recognize propaganda when they see it. † Cross gives thirteen different ways to recognize propaganda. The first is name calling; this is a simple one to understand. It is when someone or group says something bad about another person or group. You see this in political ads all the time or you might hear a politician referred to as â€Å"foolish† or â€Å"fascist†. This is used to make the reader not think but just believe what is being said. Cross then talks about glittering generalities, this is simply the opposite of name calling, it is using terms to make someone look good, it is used to make you want to vote for someone in an election. A political ad may say â€Å"Vote for Romney; It’s the American way. † This sounds good but when actually examining what they are saying what does it really mean (Woolfolk Cross 2)? The next issue Cross discusses is the plain folks appeal. This is where a politician wants the viewer to think he is a person just like them. A good example is when you see presidents going around to blue collar workers and shaking hands and working with them and kissing babies (Woolfolk Cross 2). They want you to believe that they are the same as you so you will vote for them. Cross also talks about the Argumentum Ad Populum; this is simply telling the people what they want to hear. This can happen in elections as well; you will hear politicians say you all are â€Å"good tax-paying Americans† or â€Å"the backbone of America. † These phrases are things that all people want to hear and our used to distract the voter from what is really being said (Woolfolk Cross 3). The next use of propaganda is the Argumentum Ad Hominem. Cross says, â€Å"Argumentum ad hominem means â€Å"argument to man† and that’s exactly what it is. When a propagandist uses argumentum ad hominem he wants to distract our attention from the issue under consideration with personal attacks on the people being involved. This happens often; if the issue being discussed by a politician is health care reform, then another politician may make an attack about that politician’s bad family life. His bad family life has nothing to do with health care reform, yet things like this will distract potential voters from what is actually being said. The next item discussed is Transfer; (Glory or Guilt By Association) this is simply associating something that is good with the issue at hand even if it has no relevance to that situation. The next propaganda technique is bandwagon. We have all heard the term bandwagon fan to describe someone who likes a certain sports team only because they are doing well. The same applies in propaganda; it is used to convince people to like something because it is the popular thing to do (Woolfolk Cross 4). This happens with fashions and is used by getting celebrities to endorse a product. Cross then talks about faulty cause and effect relationship. This is where propaganda says one thing causes another thing to happen even if it really did not. You see this in politics all the time, sense Obama has been in office our unemployment rate has gone down. Now this may be true, but was it caused by Obama or were there other factors in place? It is used to convince people to believe something without actually checking the facts. The next propaganda item discussed is false analogy. An analogy is a comparison between two ideas, events or things (Woolfolk Cross 6). A false analogy is simply comparing two things that really have nothing to do with each other. It is often used in politics to link one thing with another that really has no reason to be associated with the other thing. The next propaganda technique, begging the question, this is a common technique used in politics. You may see a political ad that says, â€Å"No true American could turn down proposal 4. † This is forcing the viewer to say do I not want to be a true American (Woolfolk Cross 6). It’s basically answering the question for a person instead of letting them answer it for themselves. The 11th item discussed is the two extremes fallacy. This is where you make a situation seem like there are only two options to choose from, either black or white. This forces the viewer to choose one side when really there might be a multitude of options to choose from. The next propaganda technique is card stacking. It’s a easy technique of showing only what you want people to see. It’s used where politicians only want you to see the good parts of their plans and not the negatives such as raising taxes, they will show you all this great things that will happen but not where the money is coming from (Woolfolk Cross 7). The last propaganda technique is called the testimonial. This is where you get someone who is famous or loved to endorse a certain product or person, even if they are not an expert in the field. You see professional athletes endorsing medical products, even though they are not a medical expert. Woolfolk lays out all thirteen examples of propaganda to show people what to look out for. In conclusion, propaganda is misunderstood. Propaganda itself is not a a negative thing, it is just a means of persuading someone that can be used either for a positive effect or a negative one. Yet in today’s society propaganda is used for many different reasons. This is why it is important to understand what propaganda really is. Orwell, Lutz, and Woolfolk give good insight into how propaganda is used and how to avoid being confused by it. After reading this you will have a better understanding of propaganda and how to identify it, and how to understand what the author is really trying to say. It will make you a better thinker, and help with important decisions that you have to make. Sources: 1. Lutz, William . â€Å"Doublespeak. †Ã‚  Public Relations Quarterly  . 33. 4 n. page. Web. 2. Orwell, George. â€Å"Fifty Orwell Essays . †Ã‚  Gutenburg. n. page. Web. 13 Sep. 2012. How to cite Propaganda, Essay examples

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Scorpion Essays - Buthidae, Scorpion, Arachnid, Spider, Pedipalp

Scorpion S corpions are of the class Arachnid. They are considered to be relatives of the spiders, mites, and ticks. There are about 1,300 species of scorpions in the world. Scorpions live in the deserts, but also they can occur in many other habitats, such as grasslands, savannas, forests, and caves. Also scorpions have been found in the Himalayas of Asia and Andes Mountains of South America. They live there under the rocks that are covered with snow at elevation over 12,000 feet. There are about 90 species in the U.S. They have a flat, narrow body. Scorpions have mouth (chelicerae), a pair of pedipalps, and four pairs of legs. The pedipalps are used for capture and defense. Their body is divided into two main regions. They are called a cephalothorax and an abdomen. The scorpions bodes are covered with sensory hair. Also scorpions have a pair of median eyes and two to five pairs of lateral eyes. The abdomen consists of twelve distinct segments, and the last five refer to tail. At the end of the abdomen there is a telson, and it contains the venom gland. Long tailed scorpions can reach a length of eight inches. Such scorpions live in the South Africa. Scorpions are nocturnal animals. They eat insects, spiders, and also other scorpions. The larger scorpions usually eat vertebrates, such as small lizards, snakes, and also mice. Pray are located primarily by sensitive vibrations. Sensitive hair called trichobothia that feel air vibrations, and tips of the legs have small organs that feel vibration on the ground. Scorpions have a meeting ritual. In such ritual male is trying to lead female on a courtship dance. The details of courtship are a little different in different species of scorpions. All scorpions have a long gestation period. It goes from several months to a year and a half, depending on species. The young scorpions develop as an embryo in the mothers ovariuterus. During this time, the embryo gets food from his mother. When the young scorpions are born they live on their mothers back for week or two after birth.. The mother scorpion makes a birth basket, with her folder legs. It helps to catch the baby as it is born and to help them to climb her back. On the average, a female gives birth to about 25-35 young scorpions. The average scorpion lives about three to five years, but there are some species that live at least 10-15 years. The venom of scorpions is used for prey capture and also for defense. Scorpion venom is the mixture of many substances, and every species has different mixture. In fact only one species in the United States and about 20 other worldwide have venom that is dangerous for humans. One of the species that is found in the United States is Centruroides exilicauda. It is found in Arizona. The sting of this scorpion may cause pain, numbness, frothing at the mouth, difficulties in breathing. But death is rare. The worlds most dangerous scorpions live in North Africa and the Middle East, South America, India, and Mexico. Science

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Women And Spirituality Essays - Feminism, Ethics, Philosophy

Women And Spirituality Essays - Feminism, Ethics, Philosophy Women And Spirituality What we find as an original response to existences meaning is the belief in a greater being or higher power, eg. God, that we serve and obey in the trade for a fruitful, everlasting life. This can be connected to the theory of the Earth-Mother. The female in nature was intended to represent reoccurring life. Ancient people held the belief that they would return to the body of the womb of mother earth and then be given a new life. This ancient belief is similar to our own when compared. The view of the religious world can give meaning and purpose to the lives of the people as it gives them hope. Hope that if they live their lives as God had intended for them, they will be granted entrance into heaven, an everlasting, peaceful place. It gives people meaning as to what they should do with their lives. The religious view also brings order in peoples lives. Purpose in someones life is also introduced in the world view; they can go to church and have the holy rituals which every religion practices. This may offer people a sense of purpose in their life. Religion cannot be contained by a certain definition because religion is, simplistically enough, what you want it to be. No one can write a definition of religion as it is really just personal opinion. Religion can be the way you live your life, but for someone else it may just be another word in their vocabulary. With the advent of the feminist movement, the role of women in all parts of society has come under increasing scrutiny. One area of recent controversy is the role of women in the Christian Church. Some churches whose traditions and practices are less rigidly tied to Biblical doctrines have begun placing women in leadership positions such as pastor or teacher. Other churches which interpret the Bible more literally have been slow to adopt such changes. Most Commentators agree that man and woman are both equally a reflection of God's image; the word man here is used as a synonym for humanity. Adam and Eve were also given joint dominion over creation. The role of the man is leadership, while the role of woman is as a source of strength and support. If a person wants to understand the Christian authority of a man over his wife, he must consider how Christ demonstrated his leadership as head over the Church. Primarily, he gave his life for his church, not using force or coercion for her submission. Many people would dispute the Bible's relevance to contemporary thought in general, and in particular to the role of women in worship. If the Bible were not written under divine inspiration, a person or practice is not bound by its teachings. He or she can therefore pick and choose whatever corresponds to his/her point of view. However, if the Bible is of divine inspiration, then a cautious consideration of passages relevant to a particular issue must be undertaken. Traditions and customs, that have arisen after the Bible was written, may thus be carefully scrutinized. Such practices may or may not prove sound after comparison with scripture. If women are not allowed to have a voice or some kind of input, the church could be loosing a valuable resource of wisdom. If a husband does not consider his wives thoughts and ideas as being important or valid, his family is surely incomplete, dysfunctional and doomed to failure. Therefore, as the church strives to realize Gods purpose for women, we must remember the truths of the scripture and apply them to our present day culture. This will allow men and women to present the Christian message to our world in the most powerful way. Feminist ethics has much to offer Catholicism. For one, the main issues that concern feminist ethics are basically the same ones that make up Catholic identity. That is, how women and men define themselves in society, what means are available to them for attaining their ends- in short inter personal and social relations. Second, the founding principles that guide feminist ethics are rooted in the tradition of natural law, a tradition well known to Catholicism. So,

Monday, March 2, 2020

12 Interesting Facts About Activist Grace Lee Boggs

12 Interesting Facts About Activist Grace Lee Boggs Grace Lee Boggs isn’t a household name, but the Chinese-American activist made long-lasting contributions to the civil rights, labor, and feminist movements. Boggs died on Oct. 5, 2015, at age 100. Learn why her activism earned her the respect of black leaders such as Angela Davis and Malcolm X with this list of 10 interesting facts about her life. Birth Born Grace Lee on June 27, 1915, to Chin and Yin Lan Lee, the activist came into the world in the unit above her family’s Chinese restaurant in Providence, R.I. Her father would later enjoy success as a restaurateur in Manhattan. Early Years and Education Although Boggs was born in Rhode Island, she spent her childhood in Jackson Heights, Queens. She demonstrated keen intelligence at an early age. At just 16, she started studies at Barnard College. By 1935, she’d earned a philosophy degree from the college, and by 1940, five years before her 30th birthday, she earned a doctorate from Bryn Mawr College. Job Discrimination Although Boggs demonstrated that she was intelligent, perceptive and disciplined at a young age, she couldn’t find work as an academic. No university would hire a Chinese-American woman to teach ethics or political thought in the 1940s,  according to the New Yorker. Early Career and Radicalism Before becoming a prolific author in her own right, Boggs translated the writings of Karl Marx. She was active in leftist circles, participating in the Workers Party, the Socialist Workers Party and the Trotskyite movement as a young adult. Her work and political inclinations led her to partner up with socialist theorists such as C.L.R. James and Raya Dunayevskaya as part of a political sect called the Johnson-Forest Tendency. Fight for Tenants’ Rights In the 1940s, Boggs lived in Chicago, working in a city library. In the Windy City, she organized protests for tenants to fight for their rights, including living quarters free from vermin. Both she and her mostly black neighbors had experienced rodent infestations, and Boggs was inspired to protest after witnessing them demonstrate in the streets. Marriage to James Boggs Just two years shy of her 40th birthday, Boggs married James Boggs in 1953. Like her, James Boggs was an activist and writer. He also worked in the automobile industry, and Grace Lee Boggs settled with him in the auto industry’s epicenter- Detroit. Together, the Boggses set out to give people of color, women, and youth the necessary tools to effect social change. James Boggs died in 1993. Political Inspirations Grace Lee Boggs found inspiration in both the nonviolence of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Gandhi as well as in the Black Power Movement. In 1963, she took part in the Great Walk to Freedom march, which featured King. Later that year, she hosted Malcolm X at her home. Under Surveillance Because of her political activism, the Boggses found themselves under government surveillance. The FBI visited their home multiple times, and Boggs even joked that the feds likely thought of her as â€Å"Afro-Chinese† because her husband and friends were black, she lived in a black area and centered her activism on the black struggle for civil rights. Detroit Summer Grace Lee Boggs helped to establish the organization Detroit Summer in 1992. The program connects youth to a number of community service projects, including home renovations and community gardens. Prolific Author Boggs penned a number of books. Her first book, George Herbert Mead: Philosopher of the Social Individual, debuted in 1945. It chronicled Mead, the academic credited with founding social psychology. Boggs’ other books included 1974’s â€Å"Revolution and Evolution in the Twentieth Century,† which she co-wrote with her husband; 1977’s Women and the Movement to Build a New America; 1998’s Living for Change: An Autobiography; and 2011’s The Next American Revolution: Sustainable Activism for the Twenty-First Century, which she co-wrote with Scott Kurashige. School Named in Her Honor In 2013, a charter elementary school opened in honor of Boggs and her husband. It’s called the James and Grace Lee Boggs School. Documentary Film The life and work of Grace Lee Boggs were chronicled in the 2014 PBS documentary â€Å"American Revolutionary: The Evolution of Grace Lee Boggs.† The director of the film shared the name Grace Lee and launched a film project about well-known and unknown people alike about this relatively common name that transcends racial groups.

Friday, February 14, 2020

Best Practices on Autism Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Best Practices on Autism - Research Paper Example While the paper has focused on the best practices in the field but the limited diagnosis criteria and lack of emphatic treatment has greatly frustrated the parents and the scholars alike and presents a challenge for the medical fraternity as well. In the recent times, there has been extensive and wide ranging concern for issues relating to disability. The prognosis and the use of technology in the field has made tremendous advancement and the amendments in the constitutions, making special provisions to include all round welfare programs for the people with disabilities has facilitated equal participation in the socio-economic development of the country. Though the huge efforts made by the countries to facilitate and promote the participation of the people with disabilities has made significant mark, a lot more needs to be done in the field of developmental disabilities which have multifaceted and multilateral aspects that are not only complex by nature but they also need socio-psychological interventions, stretched over a period of time, involving extensive inter-personal communication. Of the various developmental disabilities, autism is significantly different and encompasses a wide set of communication problem. Autism and autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) can be broadly defined as neuro-developmental disorder that affects social interaction and communication. There is decided lack of responsiveness to others that is accompanied by resistance towards any type of change. The studies have shown that autism is more prominent displayed amongst the children in the age group of 4-12 (Rutter, 1970; Wiug, 1988). The various studies looking for contextual variables have found that the demographic representation of autistic children was higher in the urban areas (DSM II criteria, 1980; DSM III R criteria, 1987). The incidence of autism was higher in the immigrant population from third world countries, especially Caribbean, Asia, south America, South-east Europe